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Raichur is also called as Rayachooru in Kannada. Raichur is also linked with episodes from the Hindu epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharatha. Raichur is also a place of historical importance with a rich cultural legacy. Raichur was under the control of various empires like the Mauryas, Chalukyas, Bahmanis, Vijayanagar and the Mughal Kings. Raichur district is ensconced between the Krishna on the North and the Tungabhadra on the South.
Raichur has a rich history, having been a part of various empires, such as the Bahmanis and Vijayanagara. The city is famous for its imposing Raichur Fort. Here, stone inscriptions have been found in Persian and Arabic which belonged to the bastion of the fort, referring to its construction in 1294. Among the ruins of the immense fort are many irrigation tanks and old temples. Interesting details of the battle between Sri Krishnadevaraya and Adil Shah are given in The Battle of Raichur.

Raichur is very rich from the epigraphical point of view. It has already yielded hundreds of inscriptions, ranging from the Mauryan period up to the end of the Muslim period. The inscriptions are in a variety of languages such as Sanskrit, Prakrit, Kannada, Arabic, and Persian and belonging to almost all the dynasties that ruled over the Dekkan. The most important places from this point of view are Maski, Koppal, Kuknur, Mudgal and Raichur.